Types of pollution ppt powerpoint presentation pdf. Abstract water is life for all but this water is polluting day by day in severe condition. Documentation documented on board in a special list, manifest or detailed stowage plan, which includes details of their location 4. Marine pollution regulation 2014 nsw explanatory note page 2 published lw 22 august 2014 2014 no 529 this regulation is made under the marine pollution act 2012, including the definition of state waters in section 3 and sections 20, 34, 49, 76, 8790, 92 2, 97, 102, 108 1, 1, 114 1, 117 1, 121 1 b. Dong guoanalysis of global marine environmental pollution. However, the increasing human activities have affected them greatly and lead to the ocean or marine pollution. Protection of marine waters prevention of pollution from. Marine pollution ppt free pdf download study mafia. The first step in cleaning up our oceans is better understanding where ocean trash is coming from and what it is like. London convention on the prevention of marine pollution by. Because we have given more than 30 ppt in one place. Pollution prevention act of 1990 recycling and reuse disposal prevention and reduction treatment david kling, director of the pollution prevention division within epas office of pollution prevention and toxics, notes that, while source reduction is a distinct approach, it is rarely pure in application instead, it is often. Aug 23, 2017 marine pollution ppt free pdf download. Convention for the prevention of marine pollution by dumping from ships and aircrafts 1972 the oslo convention.
The convention on the prevention of marine pollution by dumping of wastes and other matter 1972, commonly called the london convention or lc 72 and also abbreviated as marine dumping, is an agreement to control pollution of the sea by dumping and to encourage regional agreements supplementary to the convention. Marine pollution occurs when harmful effects result from the entry into the ocean of chemicals, particles, industrial, agricultural and residential waste, noise, or the spread of invasive organisms. Coastal scientists believe that prevention is better than cure since the effects of marine pollution may be irreversible and we may therefore be creating everlasting. We can all help to reduce marine pollution by changing our consumption patterns and reducing, reusing and recycling our waste. The health and continued use of our lakes and rivers for fishing and recreation depends on pollution prevention. Marpol international convention for the prevention of pollution from ships amended by resolution mepc.
Dec 17, 2015 by these ultimate affects on sea many conventional acts are being introducing. Finally, those are 20 prevention of marine pollution that you can do if you want to keep the sustainability of ocean life. Prevention of marine pollution by dumping of wastes and other matter, 1972 and especially the evolution towards approaches based on precaution and prevention, noting further the contribution in this regard by complementary regional and national instruments which aim to protect the marine environment and which take account of. International convention for the prevention of pollution from ships, 1973, as modified by the protocol of 1978 relating thereto marpol 7378 introduction the marpol convention is the main international convention covering prevention of pollution of the marine environment by ships from operational or accidental causes. Our ocean and waterways are polluted with a wide variety of marine debris, ranging from tiny microplastics, smaller than 5 mm, to derelict fishing gear and abandoned vessels. Marine pollution types, causes, effects, prevention and. It consists of toxic substances that include agricultural waste, chemical particles, plastic, oil, and other waste products. Amendments to the convention on the prevention of marine pollution by dumping of wastes and.
Convention for the prevention of marine pollution from land based sources with annexes. Worldwide, hundreds of marine species have been negatively impacted by marine debris, which can harm. The danger to marine life comes in various forms, such as chemical discharge from industrial sources, human sewage, runoff from agricultural areas also contain harmful substance such as phosphorus and nitrogen which promote algae growth. Pollution prevention environmental impact reduction. Request pdf marine pollution prevention in bangladesh. Convention on the prevention of marine pollution by. Ocean pollution is become ever more of a problem in the present day.
Seawater is full of dissolved oxygen, however decomposing sewage and other biomatter in oceans can result in a condition known as hypoxia or oxygen depletion. The london convention convention on the prevention of marine pollution by dumping of wastes. In this article, we will explain this term in detail. Pollution prevention and mitigation measures developed for the proposed kemper county igcc project facilities continued, page 3 of 5 environmental issue pollution prevention or mitigation measure surface water resources swppps would be developed and implemented for all project construction programs and facility operations. In addition to introducing prevention of marine pollution from ships as one of the purposes of the organization, the 1975 amendments also institutionalized the marine environment protection committee mepc and the legal committee as main organs of imo. However, significant laws and regulations at an international level. Mindful that the ecological equilibrium and the legitimate uses of the. Stowage properly stowed and segregated as per the imdg code and secured to minimise hazards to the marine. The majority portion of the marine pollution comes from the land that contributes to 80 percent of the marine pollution, air pollution also carries pesticides from farms and dust into the marine.
Control of atmospheric testing of nuclear weapons among the major. Convention for the prevention of pollution from ships 1973 marpol convention for the protection of the sea environment the northatlantic 1992 the. This law prohibits the discharge or release of any pollutant from a ship, shore location or oil transport facility in the pollution free zone of oman. Amendments to the international convention for the prevention of pollution of the sea by oil, 1954 concerning tank arrangements and limitations of tank size resolution a. Convention on the prevention of marine pollution by dumping of wastes and other matter. The contracting parties to the present convention shall endeavour to act.
Convention for the prevention of marine pollution by dumping from ships and aircarft1972 the oslo convention convention for the prevention of pollution from ships 1973marpol. It provides best practice guidance on pollution prevention measures, and provides an overview of the contingency measures to take in the event of a pollution incident. International convention for the prevention of pollution. The most important instrument for the prevention of marine pollution is the international convention for the protection of marine pollution from ships marpol convention. What you can do to protect our marine environment ministry. Marine pollution prevention act 2002 section 2 to act 8 of 2002 page 9 contributing vessel means a vessel that has taken on board fuel oil outside tonga or tongan waters. Causes, consequences, prevention method and role of wbphed with special reference from murshidabad district rozina khatun research scholar, department of geography, tilka manjhi bhagalpur university, bihar, india. The word marine comes from the latin word for sea and it is related to similar words, such as mariner.
As we all know that prevention is better than cure, so we all need to work together to prevent marine pollution. Marine pollution conventions there are no less than 6 international marine pollution conventions. Pursuant to article xvii of the convention, instruments of ratification shall be deposited with the governments of mexico, the union of soviet socialist republics, the united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland, and the united states of america. Prevention of water pollution according to wikipedia includes the following ways.
A way forward for implement comprehensive national legal framework after the permanent demarcation of maritime boundary with myanmar and. Recognizing that the marine environment and the fauna and flora which it supports are of vital importance to all nations. The pollution due to oil is a major and most impactful classification of marine pollution. Marine pollution bulletin is concerned with the rational use of maritime and marine resources in estuaries, the seas and oceans, as well as with documenting marine pollution and introducing new forms of measurement and analysis. Much of marine pollution is land derived, but all boaters can help prevent it by following clean boating practices and reporting all evidence of pollution.
Pollution prevention for washington state marinas clean maina wasingtn ii this handbook is a collaborative effort between the following organizations, as well as public and private marina managers. Oceans are the large area on the planet that covers more than onethird of the earths total surface. Air pollution is also a contributing factor by carrying off pesticides or dirt into the ocean. This makes it hard for oxygen loving marine life plants, fish and animals to survive in the oceans.
Convention for the prevention of marine pollution by dumping from ships and aircarft1972 the oslo convention convention for the prevention of. Jul 26, 2018 marine pollution has been an everpresent problem since the advent of largescale agricultural activity and industrialization. Marpol international convention for the prevention of. Marine pollution can be defined as anything that contaminates the. Marine pollution types, causes, effects, prevention and oil. Analysis of global marine environmental pollution and prevention. Contracting parties shall individually and collectively promote the effective control of all sources of pollution of the marine environment, and pledge themselves. The convention itself contains six mandatory annexes with provisions for the prevention of marine pollution from ships. With all the necessary data at its disposal, some of it collected on the spot in particular at brest in november 1980, the committee has made a sustained study of marine pollution problems. Marpol convention for the protection of the marine environment. Analysis of global marine environmental pollution and prevention and control of marine pollution iv abstract the ocean, the origin of life, the total area of about 360 million square kilometers, accounting for 71% of the earths surface area. In the process it has made important contributions to the international efforts to prevent, reduce and control pollution of the marine environment, especially pollution. The present and future of microplastic pollution in the marine environment. Modern live, population are increasingly so do the plastic waste is increasing too.
Enviroleg cc marine pollution prevention of pollution from ships act p 2 owner, in relation to a ship, means the person or persons registered as owner of the ship, or, in the absence of registration, the person or persons to whom the ship belongs, but, in relation to a ship belonging to a state and which is operated by a person registered as the. Land and air pollution have proven to be harmful to. Marine debris is a persistent pollution problem that reaches throughout the entire ocean and great lakes. Pdf this article examines how marine pollution can be effectively. The international convention for the prevention of pollution from ships, 1973 as modified by the protocol of 1978 marpol 7378, marpol is short for marine pollution and 7378 short for the years 1973 and 1978 is one of the most important. The international convention for the prevention of pollution from ships, 1973 as modified by the protocol of 1978 marpol 7378, marpol is short for marine pollution and 7378 short for the years 1973 and 1978 is one of the most important international marine environmental conventions. A wide range of topics are discussed as news, comment. Marine pollution is defined as the introduction of substances to the marine environment directly or indirectly by man resulting in adverse effects such as hazardous to human health, obstruction of marine activities and lowering the quality of sea water. It could be through prevention, practice efforts or join a projectprogram.
Resolution prevention of marine pollution by dumping of. Regulation and monitoring or engaging in control measures by reducing or minimizing waste. Pollution ppt and pdf marine pollution ppt free pdf download what is marine pollution. Ocean freight has become the worlds most important import and export trade mode of transport. Marine pollution is a broad category, consisting of oil pollution including. However, the current situation of marine environment is not optimistic, marine pollution has become a very important topic in todays society. Document type multilateral field of application global date dec 29, 1972 source. Marine life is an important part of our ecosystem and it is everyones responsibility to save marine animals and natural resources. Marine pollution can be defined as the harmful effects that spread in the ocean. Eighty percent of marine pollution comes from land. Enviroleg cc marine pollution prevention of pollution from ships act p 2 owner, in relation to a ship, means the person or persons registered as owner of the ship, or, in the absence of registration, the person or persons to whom the ship belongs, but, in. Europes marine strategy framework directive msfd is the framework for member states to achieve good environmental status for their marine waters by 2020. Therefore, we can keep the balancing of life between human and nature.
Convention on the prevention of marine pollution imo. Marine pollution refers to the contamination or presence of pollutants in oceans and seas. Marine pollution prevention pocket checklist revision 5. An act to provide for the prevention of pollution to the marine environment and for responses to marine pollution incidents emanating from. Marine pollution can be defined as the contamination of marine water, mainly big seas and oceans with pollutants and contaminants like industrial effluents, oil spills from huge vessels, chemical displacements, chemical spills, sewage etc. It covers the deliberate disposal at sea of wastes or other matter. Pdf this overview of marine pollution follows the methodology as proposed below. Marine pollution prevention of pollution from ships act.1053 1107 535 1499 166 46 604 683 1375 1183 573 310 415 228 1287 874 251 1109 975 230 696 955 1260 1171 202 1333 1244 473 962 378 532 1328 1407 987 410 646 897 749 106 170 1220 734 1444 1357