The bloodiest and ugliest of the race riots in the industrial north took place in east st. Group is placing historical markers at sites of 1917 east st. Louis riot were largely rooted in the economic insecurity of white workers as several hundred thousand blacks migrated from the south in search of work and better living conditions. Jul 02, 2018 by walter opinde on this day, 2nd july 1917, the east st. This article was compiled from a variety of sources, including contemporary news reports, interviews, and congressional hearing testimony, as well as american pogrom. Louis race riot of 1917 on microfilm collection number. The riverport riot took place on july 2, 1991, at the riverport amphitheatre now named hollywood casino amphitheatre in maryland heights, missouri near st. Louis friday after a judge acquitted former police officer jason stockley, who is white, was not guilty of first. Louis, illinois, race riot, which erupted on this day, was arguably one of the worst race riots of the early 20th century. Louis, one of the most deadly race massacres in the u. Lieutenant arbuckle of the united states army reserve corp is in east st.
Lewis and clark, the missouri compromise, dred scott, the 1917 race riot in east st. Sixty years later, he can still remember the fear he endured. Primed by months of racist fearmongering from union leaders. Louis race riot of 1917 of work and wealth, darkwater. Jun 29, 2017 a continuing series of commemorative activities to mark the 100th year anniversary of the east st. On july 2 and 3, 1917, race riots rocked the small industrial city of east st. Louis against the africanamericans who began to work there as a result of africanamerican northern migration, resulting in at least forty africanamerican deaths and nine white deaths.
On july 2 and 3 the riot killed at least 48 men, women, children, and destroyed a large road of mostly black neighborhoods across the mississippi river from st. The 1917 race riot that sparked the civil rights movement, harper barnes directs the attention to a 1917 race riot that took place in east st. A white mob surrounds a street car during the riots in east st. In 1917, perhaps the worst race riot in american history was unleashed in east st. Race riot of 1921, ellsworth discusses the national, statewide, and local factors.
Louis riot, i began collecting local data about it. Through a faculty research grant from southern illinois university, materials were also located in springfield, chicago, washington, and new york city. Louis massacres were a series of outbreaks of labor and racerelated violence by people that caused the deaths of an estimated 40250 african americans in late may and early july 1917. Johnson bolsters his case using a litany of familiar names and events placed in an oftenunfamiliar context. Books of the times end papers race riot at east st. Racial tension that brewed as black workers moved here. This study concerns a racial massacre which took place in east st louis, illinois on 2 july 1917. Louis race riot amounted to a twoday nightmare for the citys black residents. The 1917 race riot that sparked the civil rights movement, by harper barnes. Charles lumpkins shows that black residents of east st.
The riot was arguably one of the worst race riots of the early 20th century. Dozens of arrests as protests turn violent again in st. Louis riverfront of the mississippi river, with st. Massacre, destruction, and the tulsa race riot of 1921. Louis suburb late sunday following a planned rally and candlelight vigil for michael brown, an unarmed black teenager shot and killed by a police officer on saturday. Louis, illinois was the scene of one of the bloodiest race riots in the 20th century. Louis race riots of 1917 saw the indiscriminate massacre of men, women, and children in a onesided spate of brutal burnings of people and buildings, lynchings, shootings, and.
Louis, a student mentioned the 1917 race riot which had occurred here. Lumpkins lumpkins reveals the engagement of political and economic insiders in shaping both the violence and its aftermath, and in so doing he presents a model for understanding racial violence that both highlights black political activism and reminds us of the costs that. Louis hundreds of police officers in full riot gear responded to the streets of downtown st. A newspaper front page, charged with helping to push tulsans into violence, is gone.
Through acts of mob violence and terrorism, up to 400 black people were estimated to have been murdered and thousands were left homeless after their houses. Next year will mark the 100 th anniversary of the july 2, 1917 race riot in east st. Excerpts in the late 1910s and early 1920s, notably during the red summer of 1919, devastating race riots erupted across the nation at a level of mass violence unprecedented in american racial history. The violence erupted during a period of acute industrial unrest, and after significant black migration to the city from the south. Historianjournalist harper barnes detailed the incident in his book never been a time. Louis police riot 23 september 2017 the 2011 killing of anthony lamar smith by st. Reconsidering the east st louis race riot of 1917 volume 47 issue 2 malcolm mclaughlin. Unfortunately, this is a neverending battle because some whites just cannot get it through their heads that the color of a persons skin is. By walter opinde on this day, 2nd july 1917, the east st. Louis have made more than 80 arrests after a third consecutive day of protests that started peacefully but erupted into riots, clashes, and vandalism. Ultimately, in 1950, it was ordered by the federal court to integrate the pools of st. It was the worst of many incidents of racial antagonism in the united states during world war.
Explore free books, like the victory garden, and more browse now. This weekend marks the 100th anniversary of one of the most brutal and shameful episodes of mass violence in american history. What would enter the historical canon as the east st. Since the professional literature on race relations almost completely ignored the east st. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise cambridge core to connect with your account. This was another of the infamous white riots against uppity black people.
American pogrom takes the reader beyond that pivotal time in the citys history to explore black peoples activism from the antebellum era to the eve of the postworld war ii civil rights movement. This was, in fact, often realized as whiteowned companies exploited the situation. East saint louis race riot of 1917 united states history. Race, class and the protests against police violence in st. Louis race riot and black politics, any political clout that africanamericans had built was quickly marginalized and suppressed by the corrupt political machine, not to be regained until the city became majority black in the 1970s. Louis, mo a continuing series of commemorative activities to mark the 100th year anniversary of the east st. Shows what a thorough disgrace some of white history in this country is. This particular riot is important not only in and of itself but, because of the volume and nature of the surviving evidence, it is the race riot of the. Louis dozens of protesters faced off with police in riot gear in downtown st. Louis after a third day of peaceful demonstrations over a former officers acquittal in the.
Louis, missouri by genevieve leigh 3 october 2017 the protests that erupted in st. St louis protests turn violent for third night over. All he wanted to do was cool down at the fairground park swimming pool. A powerful book, a harrowing case study made all the more so by madigans skillful. It was the worst of many incidents of racial antagonism in the united states during world war i that were directed especially toward black americans newly employed in war industries. Louis, illinois, stemming specifically from the employment of black workers in a factory holding government contracts. At least 100 africanamericans died some sources put the figure at nearly 200, and over 6,000 were left homeless. Louis, illinois race riots will be held saturday, july 1 monday, july 3 in east st. Louis race riot left dozens dead, devastating a community on the rise three days of violence forced africanamerican families. Louis, illinois, race riot, which erupted on 2 nd july, 1917, was arguably one of the worst race riots of the early 20 th century.
Lumpkins asserted in his 2008 book american pogrom. In the fall of 1960 i joined the department of sociology at southern illinois university, edwardsville campus. A continuing series of commemorative activities to mark the 100th year anniversary of the east st. He sees whites burning railway cars in yardsmembers of the militia of illinois shooting. East st louis race riot of 1917 728 a riot at a steel mill in st. Rudwicks application of grimshaw in race riot at east st. Queen like a tired human being the great train gasped and groaned and moved more slowly after its journey of twenty seven hours from washington the porter, who had been almost too affable, stared at. East saint louis race riot of 1917, july 2, bloody outbreak of violence in east st. Racial tensions began to increase in february, 1917 when 470 african american workers. Louis police officer jason stockley was an openandshut case of police murder. Jun 28, 2017 this weekend marks the 100th anniversary of one of the most brutal and shameful episodes of mass violence in american history. A largely peaceful rally in st louis turned rowdy on sunday as a handful of demonstrators protesting at the acquittal of a white police officer over the fatal shooting of a black man in 2011 threw. Louis descended into one of the deadliest race riots in u. Louis massacres were a series of outbreaks of labor and race related violence by people that caused the deaths of an estimated 40250 african americans in late may and early july 1917.
Louis reuters more than 80 people were arrested on sunday night as protests in st louis over the acquittal of a white policeman who had shot a black man turned violent for a third night. It comes after an excop was acquitted in the fatal shooting of a black man. This is a very important book, heartbreaking and riveting, history that is as fresh as todays. Louis race riots will be held saturday, july 1 monday, july 3, 2017 in east st. Historical photos from the 1917 race riots in east st. Louis protests no longer considered peaceful, police. Louis race riot left dozens dead, devastating a community on the rise three days of violence forced africanamerican families to run for their lives and the aftereffects are still.182 1044 1177 674 414 1001 106 682 1255 283 1330 44 1 418 1197 96 452 215 899 1090 878 794 1316 364 284 605 313 952 747 700 350